Zygar-Hoffmann et al. (2020). A large longitudinal study on motivation, behavior and satisfaction in couples: Research data from a four-week experience sampling study with a pre-, post-, and one-year follow-up assessment.

Bibliographic Information

Creator: Zygar-Hoffmann, Caroline; Hagemeyer, Birk; Pusch, Sebastian; Schönbrodt, Felix D.

Contributor: Zygar-Hoffmann, Caroline; Hagemeyer, Birk; Pusch, Sebastian; Schönbrodt, Felix D.

Funding: German Research Foundation, grant number SCHO1334/5-1 and HA 6884/2-1

Title: A large longitudinal study on motivation, behavior and satisfaction in couples: Research data from a four-week experience sampling study with a pre-, post-, and one-year follow-up assessment.

Year of Publication: 2020

Citation: Zygar-Hoffmann, C., Hagemeyer, B., Pusch, S., & Schönbrodt, F.D. (2020). A large longitudinal study on motivation, behavior and satisfaction in couples: Research data from a four-week experience sampling study with a pre-, post-, and one-year follow-up assessment. [Translated Title] (Version 2.0.0) [Data and Documentation]. Trier: Center for Research Data in Psychology: PsychData of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology ZPID. https://doi.org/10.5160/psychdata.zrce18mo99_v20000


576 individuals from 293 heterosexual couples completed an online preliminary questionnaire on dispositional implicit and explicit motives, global relationship satisfaction, personality, satisfaction with life, self-reflection and decision-making in intimate relationships. 510 of these individuals took part in an experience sampling study spanning four weeks, answering questions about their momentary motivation, affect, state relationship satisfaction, behaviors and experiences in their relationship five times a day. Afterwards, 508 individuals provided feedback, assessed again their global relationship satisfaction and the relationship satisfaction during the last four weeks . A year later, 390 of these individuals reported on their current relationship status, last year’s events, conflicts, their idiosyncratic behavioral implementations of agency and communion, and completed questionnaires on implicit and explicit motivational dispositions, life satisfaction and depending on their relationship status on global relationship satisfaction, or loneliness, and narcissism. The study was conducted to examine motivational dynamics in couples and its relevance for relationship satisfaction. Datasets of the preliminary questionnaire, the ESM-Study in long and wide format, the post questionnaire and the one-year follow-up as well as the corresponding codebooks are provided.
The following additional material can be found at https://osf.io/psqx8/:
– the “original” codebooks, including for example connecting passages between question texts or general instructions,
– R scripts documenting the preprocessing of the data,
– R scripts for further processing of the data,
– a file pointing to inconsistencies in the data,
– a link to the preregistration of hypotheses on the data.


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Study Description

Research Questions/Hypotheses: Information about the preregistered hypotheses can be found at https://osf.io/psqx8/

Research Design: Mixed survey instrument (combination of hardly, partially and fully standardized parts); repeated measurements

Measurement Instruments/Apparatus:

The following standardized instruments were used:
1: Partner-Related Agency and Communion Test (PACT),
2: The ABC of Social Desires. 3: Couples Satisfaction Index (CSI),
4: Positive – Negative Relationship Quality (PN-RQ) Scale (own translation to German),
5: Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS),
6: Revised Blood & Wolfe (1960) scale for decision-making intimate relationships (own translation to German),
7: The Unified Motive Scales,
8: BFI-S,
9: Self-reflection and insight scale (own translation to German),
10: Adapted Affect Grid (own translation to German),
11: UCLA Loneliness Scale,
12: Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire (NARQ),
13: Experiences in Close Relationships Scale Revised,
14: Adapted IOS-Scale.

Data Collection Method:

Collection without the presence of the investigator
– online
– other: Experience-Sampling with Smartphone (ESM)

Population: Persons in a partnership (German-speaking, heterosexual, predominantly childless)

Survey Time Period:

Experience Sampling for four weeks five times a day, four weeks between pre and post questionnaire, approx. one year between post questionnaire and follow-up

Sample: Convenience sample

Gender Distribution:

51% female subjects
49% male subjects

Age Distribution: 18-68 years

Spatial Coverage (Country/Region/City):

Subject Recruitment: Recruition: Announcements, newsletter of the university, facebook-groups, homepage, flyer at couple therapists, personal contacts
Motivation: Up to 170 Euro per couple or course credits and for follow-up 10 Euro per person and a raffle of vouchers at a total value of 1000 Euro

Sample Size: 576 individuals

Return/DropOut: Mean comliance of ESM was 88%.


Publications Directly Related to the Dataset
Publications Directly Related to the Dataset
Pusch, S., Schönbrodt, F. D., Zygar-Hoffmann, C., & Hagemeyer, B. (2020). Truth and wishful thinking: How inter-individual differences in communal motives manifest in momentary partner perceptions. European Journal of Personality. https://doi.org/10.1002/per.2227
Zygar-Hoffmann, C., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2020). Recalling experiences: Looking at momentary, retrospective and global assessments of relationship satisfaction. Collabra: Psychology, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.1525/collabra.278
Zygar-Hoffmann, C., Pusch, S., Hagemeyer, B., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2020, January 27). Experience sampling study 2 on motivational dynamics in couples. https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/PSQX8
Zygar-Hoffmann, C., Pusch, S., Hagemeyer, B., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2020). Motivated behavior in intimate relationships: Comparing the predictive value of motivational variables. Social Psychological Bulletin, 15(2), 1-37. https://doi.org/10.32872/spb.2873
Utilized Test Methods
Utilized Test Methods
Aron, A., Aron, E. N., & Smollan, D. (1992). Inclusion of other in the self scale and the structure of interpersonal closeness. Journal of personality and social psychology, 63(4), 596.
Back, M. D., Küfner, A. C. P., Dufner, M., Gerlach, T. M., Rauthmann, J. F., & Denissen, J. J. A. (2013). Narcissistic admiration and rivalry: Disentangling the bright and dark sides of narcissism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 105, 1013-1037.Datensatz 0274210
Blood, R., & Wolfe, D. (1960). Husbands and wives. Glencoe, IL: Free Press. Bell, K. J. (2008). Intimate partner violence on campus: A test of social learning theory (Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University of Pennsylvania).
Döring. N., & Bortz, J. (1993). Psychometrische Einsamkeitsforschung: Deutsche Neukonstruktion der UCLA-Loneliness Scale. Diagnostica, 39, 224-239. Russell, D., Peplau, L.A. and Cutrona, C.E. (1980) The Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale: Concurrent and Discriminant Validity Evidence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, 472-480. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.39.3.472Datensatz 0075683
Fraley, R. C., Waller, N. G., & Brennan, K. A. (2000). An item-response theory analysis of self-report measures of adult attachment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 350-365. Ehrenthal, J. C., Dinger, U., & Schauenburg, H. (2006). Erste Ergebnisse der Evaluation einer deutschsprachigen Version des Bindungsfragebogens „Experiences in Close Relationships–Revised “(ECR-R). PPmP-Psychotherapie· Psychosomatik· Medizinische Psychologie, 56(02), A22.Datensatz 1070734
Funk, J. L., & Rogge, R. D. (2007). Testing the ruler with item response theory: Increasing precision of measurement for relationship satisfaction with the Couples Satisfaction Index. Journal of Family Psychology, 21, 572–583. doi:10.1037/0893-3200.21.4.572 (translated to German by Greischel, Johnson & Schmukle)Datensatz 1817932
Gerlitz, J. Y., & Schupp, J. (2005). Zur Erhebung der Big-Five-basierten Persönlichkeitsmerkmale im SOEP. DIW Research Notes, 4, 2005.
Glaesmer, H., Grande, G., Braehler, E., & Roth, M. (2011). The German Version of the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS). European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 27(2), 127–132. https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000058Datensatz 0240901
Grant, A. M., Franklin, J., & Langford, P. (2002). The self-reflection and insight scale: A new measure of private self-consciousness. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 30(8), 821-835.
Hagemeyer, B., & Neyer, F. J. (2012). Assessing implicit motivational orientations in couple relationships: The Partner-Related Agency and Communion Test (PACT). Psychological Assessment, 24, 114–28. doi:10.1037/a0024822Datensatz 0251363
Hagemeyer, B., Neyer, F. J., Neberich, W., & Asendorpf, J. B. (2013). The ABC of Social Desires: Affiliation, being alone, and closeness to partner. European Journal of Personality, 27, 442–457. doi:10.1002/per.1857Datensatz 0271434
Rogge, R. D., Fincham, F. D., Crasta, D., & Maniaci, M. R. (2017). Positive and negative evaluation of relationships: Development and validation of the Positive – Negative Relationship Quality (PN-RQ) Scale. Psychological Assessment, 29, 1028–1043. doi: 10.1037/pas0000392Datensatz 2773612
Russel, J. A., Weiss, A., & Mendelsohn, G. A. (1989). Affect grid: A single-item scale of pleasure and arousal. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(3), 493-502.
Schönbrodt, F. D., & Gerstenberg, F. X. R. (2012). An IRT analysis of motive questionnaires: The Unified Motive Scales. Journal of Research in Personality, 46, 725–742. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2012.08.010Datensatz 0262652
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