Creator: Zygar, Caroline; Hagemeyer, Birk; Pusch, Sebastian; Schönbrodt, Felix D.
Contributor: Zygar, Caroline; Hagemeyer, Birk; Pusch, Sebastian; Schönbrodt, Felix D.
Funding: German Research Foundation
Title: From motive dispositions to states to outcomes: Research data of an intensive experience sampling study on communal motivational dynamics in couples
Year of Publication: 2018
Citation: Zygar, C., Hagemeyer, B., Pusch, S., & Schönbrodt, F.D. (2018). From motive dispositions to states to outcomes: Research data of an intensive experience sampling study on communal motivational dynamics in couples [Translated Title] (Version 2.1.0) [Data and Documentation]. Trier: Center for Research Data in Psychology: PsychData of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology ZPID. https://doi.org/10.5160/psychdata.zrce16dy99_v20100
152 individuals from 77 heterosexual couples completed an online preliminary questionnaire on dispositional implicit and explicit motives, global relationship satisfaction, personality, satisfaction with life and decision-making in intimate relationships. 130 of these individuals took part in an experience sampling study spanning two weeks, answering questions about their momentary motivation, affect, state relationship satisfaction, behaviors and experiences in their relationship five times a day. Afterwards, 117 individuals provided feedback, assessed their relationship quality during the two weeks and answered a self-reflection questionnaire. The study was conducted to examine motivational dynamics in couples and its relevance for relationship satisfaction.
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In an intimate relationship individuals have to negotiate different goals, such as when and how much time to spend together (a communion goal), or whose opinion to follow when making shared decisions (an agentic goal). We are interested in explaining
– how situational circumstances in everyday life interact with motive dispositions to generate motivational states, such as a need to see the partner,
– how couples regulate their individual motivations, and
– what consequences specific dyadic behavioural patterns have for everyday and overall relationship outcomes, such as relationship satisfaction.
Specifically, we suggest that the occurrence and regulation of everyday motivational states in a couple relationship mediate the links between individual motives as dispositions and relationship outcomes.
Research Design: Combined Standardized Survey Instruments (Combination of various standardized sections); repeated measurements
The following standardized instruments were used:
1: Partner-Related Agency and Communion Test (PACT).
2: The ABC of Social Desires. 3: Couples Satisfaction Index (CSI).
4: Positive – Negative Relationship Quality (PN-RQ) Scale (own translation to German). 5: Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS).
6: Revised Blood & Wolfe (1960) scale for decision-making intimate relationships (own translation to German).
7: The Unified Motive Scales.
8: 10-item short version of the Big Five Inventory (BFI-10).
9: Self-reflection and insight scale (own translation to German).
10: Adapted Affect Grid (own translation to German).
Data Collection Method:
Collection without the presence of the investigator
– other: Experience-Sampling with Smartphone (ESM)
Population: German-speaking, mainly student sample, heterosexual couples
Survey Time Period:
Experience Sampling Method (ESM) over a period of 2 weeks is used asking participants to answer questions about their mood, relationship satisfaction, motivational states, the current situation’s as well as the past situation’s features, and to give an appraisal of their own as well as their partner’s behavior 5 times a day at semi-random time points within a time frame of 9,5 hours per day. This time frame was adapted to the participants’ preferred times, with starting times ranging from 8:00 to 10:30 and ending times ranging from 21:30 to 24:00. Participants registered for participation and filled in an online preliminary questionnaire before starting the ESM part of the study. For the ESM part of the study, the participants used their own smartphones. After the two weeks of experience sampling had finished, the participants filled in additional online feedback questionnaires.
Sample: Convenience sample;
Participants using non-compatible smartphones as well as homosexual individuals were not eligible for participation.
50% female subjects (n=76)
50% male subjects (n=76)
Age Distribution: 18-40 years
Spatial Coverage (Country/Region/City): Germany
Subject Recruitment: Recruition: Announcements, newsletter, facebook, personal contacts
Motivation: Reminder after one week, course credits and raffle of Amazon vouchers depending on response rate
Sample Size: 77 couples
Return/DropOut: Mean compliance of ESM was 84%.