Förderung: Partly supported by the Marsden Fund (13-UOO-224), administered by the Royal Society of New Zealand, granted to J. Halberstadt; German Research Foundation (DFG) and Ruprecht-Karls-Univerität Heidelberg within the funding programme Open Access Publishing
Titel: Measuring Cross-Cultural Supernatural Beliefs with Self- and Peer-Reports. Research data from the Croatian sample.
Jahr der Publikation: 2016
Zitation: Bluemke, M., Jong, J., Grevenstein, D., Mikloušić, I., & Halberstadt, J. (2016). Measuring Cross-Cultural Supernatural Beliefs with Self- and Peer-Reports. Research data from the Croatian sample. (Version 1.0.0) [Daten und Dokumentation]. Trier: Forschungsdatenzentrum des Leibniz Institut für Psychologie ZPID. https://doi.org/10.5160/psychdata.bems99me29
Despite claims about the universality of religious belief, whether religiosity scales have the same meaning when administered inter-subjectively – or translated and applied cross-culturally – is currently unknown. Using the recent “Supernatural Belief Scale” (SBS), we present a primer on how to verify the strong assumptions of measurement invariance required in research on religion. A comparison of two independent samples, Croatians and New Zealanders, showed that, despite a sophisticated psychometric model, measurement invariance could be demonstrated for the SBS except for two noninvariant intercepts. We present a new approach for inspecting measurement invariance across self- and peer-reports as two dependent samples. Although supernatural beliefs may be hard to observe in others, the measurement model was fully invariant for Croatians and their nominated peers. The results not only establish, for the first time, a valid measure of religious supernatural belief across two groups of different language and culture, but also demonstrate a general invariance test for distinguishable dyad members nested within the same targets. More effort needs to be made to design and validate cross-culturally applicable measures of religiosity.
Forschungsdesign: Fully Standardized Survey Instrument (provides question formulation and answer options); single measurement
Supernatural Belief Scale (SBS). The SBS is a 10-item scale intended to measure cross-culturally recurring supernatural entities such as belief in high-order agents (God), low-order agents (angels), spiritual world (souls), afterlife conceptions (heaven), inexplicable events (miracles) and spiritual intermediaries (prophets); the present investigation focused on a Croatian translation of the original English SBS created in New Zealand (Jong, Bluemke, & Halberstadt, 2013).
Data collection in the presence of an experimenter -Individual Administration -Paper and Pencil Data collection in the absence of an experimenter -Other: Paper & Pencil (sealed enveloped)
Population: Croatian college students and relatives, friends, peers
Bluemke, M., Jong, J., Grevenstein, D., Mikloušić, I., & Halberstadt, J. (2016). Measuring cross-cultural supernatural beliefs with self- and peer-reports. 11(10): e0164291. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164291Datensatz 0319737
Jong, J., Bluemke, M., & Halberstadt, J. (2013). Fear of death and supernatural beliefs: Developing a new Supernatural Belief Scale to test the relationship. European Journal of Personality, 27, 495-506. doi: 10.1002/per.1898Datensatz 0270063